Melasma is a skin condition characterised by brown or grey patches of pigmentation appearing on the skin. The face is most frequently affected, with pigment appearing symmetrically. Melasma affects more women than men, and often appears during pregnancy, giving the condition the nickname ‘pregnancy mask’. It is more noticeable in the summer and more common in people who tan easily.
The exact cause of melasma is unknown, but oestrogen and progesterone sensitivity are linked to the condition as it can be triggered by birth control pills and pregnancy. Sun exposure can also bring on the condition. It is therefore thought that melanocytes (pigment-producing cells) produce too much melanin, causing breakouts of melasma. Melanin is the pigment that gives the skin and hair its colour.
Melasma can be treated by various aesthetic treatments which we have available here at Harpenden Skin Clinic.
If you relate to this condition but still feel unsure, at Harpenden Skin Clinic we are always here to help and advise patients on the best possible treatment journey performed by experienced clinicians.