Brown spots on the skin are caused by an excess of melanin. Melanin is a pigment that gives the skin and hair its colour. Depending on the cause of the excess melanin, brown spots may be referred to as hyperpigmentation or sunspots.
Hyperpigmentation is the term used to describe uneven areas of skin pigmentation, brown patches or dark spots. Melasma is a condition where large patches of hyperpigmentation develop, mainly on the face. This is due to hormonal changes and often occurs during pregnancy.
Sunspots occur when the skin is exposed to sunlight for prolonged periods of time. Melanin is produced to protect the skin from harmful UV rays, but over time high volumes of melanin become clumped.
Brown spots are not harmful, but some people seek cosmetic procedures to remove them. We offer a number of effective treatments here at Harpenden Skin Clinic to improve the appearance of brown spots.
If you relate to this condition but still feel unsure, at Harpenden Skin Clinic we are always here to help and advise patients on the best possible treatment journey performed by experienced clinicians.