Freckles are small, brown, flat spots on your skin, often appearing on parts of the body that are exposed to sunlight, such as the face, arms, shoulders and chest. They form as a result of melanocytes (pigment-producing cells) overproducing of a pigment called melanin. Melanin gives skin and hair its colour and protects the skin from the sun’s harmful UV rays.
Freckles can be triggered or made darker by exposure to sunlight, which causes melanocytes to produce more melanin. Some people have freckles year-round.
Those with a fair complexion often have freckles; however, they can appear on all skin types. Genetics play a part in the development of freckles, meaning they run in families. Freckles are linked to the gene MC1R.
Some people do not like their freckles and seek aesthetic treatments to improve their appearance. These treatments can include medical grade skincare, chemical peels and laser treatments.
If you relate to this condition but still feel unsure, at Harpenden Skin Clinic we are always here to help and advise patients on the best possible treatment journey performed by experienced clinicians.