Acne is a common skin condition, affecting up to 80% of teenagers and young adults. It is characterised by comedones (whiteheads and blackheads), papules (bumps under the skin) or pustules (pus-filled spots) appearing on the face, chest and upper back.
Acne blemishes can be split into two categories: those that cause inflammation of the surrounding skin; and those that do not. Comedones are noninflammatory blemishes which are not generally painful.
Inflammatory acne involves papules, pustules, nodules and cysts. Nodules and cysts are located deep within the skin and can lead to complications such as scarring.
People who suffer from acne are sensitive to certain hormones which cause the sebaceous glands to produce an excess of oil. This, alongside a build-up of dead skin cells, causes hair follicles to become blocked and comedones to form. Acne bacterium, known as propionibacterium acne, live in hair follicles. Excess oil creates the perfect environment for bacteria to multiply, triggering inflammation and the formation of pustules.
Receiving treatment can reduce the risk of long-term skin complications such as dark spots and scarring.
We provide a number of treatments suitable for active acne here at Harpenden Skin Clinic.
If you relate to this condition but still feel unsure, at Harpenden Skin Clinic we are always here to help and advise patients on the best possible treatment journey performed by experienced clinicians.